7 Most Common Eye Problems- Symptoms & Treatment
Healthy eyesight is a priceless treasure one must safeguard till the last breath. If you lose your eyesight the world will be nothing but a nightmare without a sunfilled morning. So before feeling conscious over how to fix your eyebrows to get a fuller look or how to make your eyelashes look bigger to flaunt your beautiful eye look, notice carefully if you have eye problems.
According to eye specialists, vision defects can lead to critical eye complications f not treated at an early stage. In this blog, you will come across 7 of the most common eye problems along with their symptoms and treatment.
Here are the 7 most common eye problems:
Night Blindness (Nyctalopia)
Nyctalopia or night blindness is a vision impairment faced mostly during the night or at a dark place with dim light. Symptoms of night blindness include blurry vision, difficulty in figuring out objects in low lights, eye pain, failing to drive at night, etc.
Treatment: Take vitamin supplements prescribed by an eye specialist to improve the condition. You can also take vitamin-A rich foods like carrots, pumpkins, mangoes, cantaloupes, milk, eggs, spinach, etc.
Damage of blood vessels inside the eyes as a reason of diabetes is known as Diabetic Retinopathy. The early symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include eye floaters, unable to identify colours, blurred vision. This particular eye problem leads to other different types of eye defects.
Treatment: Diabetic Retinopathy can be treated by maintaining a proper and balanced diet, eye surgery, laser treatment, regular exercise and moderating alcohol intake along with quitting smoking.
Myopia is among the most common type of eye problems that occur in people of all ages ranging from 6 months to 60 years old. In this case, you can clearly spot and see objects that are in close proximity to you. But, will be very difficult to see objects that are at a distance. The main symptoms include squinting of eyes, pain in yes while figuring out faraway objects, eye strain, blurry vision, etc
Treatment: Myopia can be treated by wearing eyeglasses and contact lenses, going through laser surgeries and taking medications. Maintaining a proteinous diet will be effective too.
Cataracts are very common to occur while ageing and can also affect young people in case of eye injuries. They have very casual symptoms like blurry vision, sensitivity to lights, sudden patches, etc. People often neglect these signs primarily until they find out the real reason behind them.
Treatment: The treatment of cataracts depends fully on age and nature of In most cases, newly implanting lenses by removing the cataract are done. Often, glares are also recommended to reduce the sensitivity.
Glaucoma occurs when the eye’s pressure increases to a very high level which is clinically called elevated intraocular pressure. It damages the optic nerves and leads to complete blindness. Glaucoma has common eye problems symptoms like nausea due to severe headache, blurry vision, redness in eyes, noticing halos around lights, etc.
Treatment: Glaucoma cannot be curable even if caught at an early stage. However, with proper treatment, a worse scenario can be stopped from happening. Surgeries and certain therapies help to lower the risk. Eye drops can also be an alternative. A balanced diet is a must to treat Glaucoma.
There is a layer of tissue at the back of our eyes. When that layer gets damaged causing visual impairment, it is called retinal detachment. This particular eye problem occurs all of a sudden with very few symptoms before the complete damage like eye floaters blocking the vision, cloudy vision, etc.
Treatment: Retinal detachments can be cured temporarily and ceased from having complete blindness by going through surgeries. Cryosurgery, vitrectomy, laser surgery, pneumatic retinopexy are some of the treating measures. Retinal detachment
Keratoconus is an eye condition in which the cornea of the eye gets heavily affected and starts bulging outside the layer of the eye. Symptoms of this eye problem start occurring during puberty and increases until reaching the mid-’30s. Night blindness, blurry vision, headache followed by eye pain, sudden or temporary loss of vision, glare around lights are some of the symptoms.
Treatment: Keratoconus treatment can be done in two ways; improving the condition and relaxing the severity. Lenses are the primary treating measure that includes contact lenses, piggy bank lenses, hybrid lenses and scleral lenses. In severe cases, therapies are given called corneal collagen cross-linking. Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty and Penatratal Keratoplasty are two types of surgeries effective n treating Keratoconus.
Our blog on the most common eye problems and their symptoms and treatment ends here. We hope this list has been helpful to you. If you could relate to any of these problems, consider visiting the eye specialist before trying any remedy at home or taking any medication without a prescription. Do remember that eye problems in children and adolescents are increasing rapidly. So, keep a check on your kids too along with yourself.
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